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Introduction

The Pakistan Regional Economic Integration Activity (PREIA) intends to further the development of the country’s trade sector by improving Pakistan’s competitiveness in international markets. The Activity is a key component of USAID Pakistan’s overall economic development program and supports achievement of Development Objective #2 from USAID/Pakistan’s Mission Strategy: “Improving Economic Status of Focus Populations.” The PREIA project includes provisions of providing technical assistance to the attached departments of Ministry of Commerce (MoC) of Pakistan to augment their institutional capacity to perform their mandated functions according to international standards. In Work Plan for Year 6 PREIA has envisaged to facilitate the development of an economic research initiative targeted at improving Pakistan’s global competitiveness. Specifically, the research initiative will target Pakistani economic sectors with high growth potential.

Pakistan’s Textile Apparel Sector constituted 24.2% of National Exports in 2019. Within Textile Sector, Apparel Sector’s contribution to exports accounted for 42%. It employs approximately 1.7 million of labour force of the country. Exports of Readymade Garments have been increasing at a Compound Annual Growth rate of 6% globally primarily due to duty free access for Pakistani products in the EU became operational in January 2014. Pakistan’s exports of RMG (Woven and Knitted) have increased by 47% since 2014. They increased from US$ 3,960 million in 2013 to US$ 5,818 million in 2019. Although similar market access is available to other sectors within textiles like Home Textiles, Fabrics, and Yarns, however none have captured as much market share as has the RMG sector.

Objectives

The Purpose of this activity is to undertake a diagnostic analysis of factors including policies and regulations adopted by economically similarly placed countries that have contributed towards improving competitiveness of their Textile and Apparel Sector.

Anticipated Outcome

This activity will provide Pakistan Readymade Garments & Manufacturers Exporters Association (PRGMEA) and Ministry of Commerce of the Government of Pakistan a comparative analysis of the factors including policies that contribute or inhibit long term competitiveness of the sector.  This analysis will result on recommendations for the private sector and the public sector for undertaking suitable adjustments to improve capacities of Textile and Apparel Sector in Pakistan.

Tasks (Performance Requirements)

PREIA seeks to hire the services International/Local entity to undertake a diagnostic analysis of policies and regulations adopted by economically similarly placed countries (Vietnam, Cambodia, Bangladesh, India and China) that have contributed towards improving competitiveness of their Textile and Apparel Sector.  Key Areas for the study will include:

  1. Analysis and comparison of Import Tariffs on Textile Apparel Value Chain
  2. Comparison of Domestic Taxation Policies of Pakistan with the selected countries impacting Industrial Competitiveness
  3. Comparisons of input costs such as labor, machinery, energy, and transportation of Pakistan with the selected countries.
  4. Impact of International Agreements, Domestic and Foreign Direct Investment Policies and unilateral access (where applicable) of selected countries on Textile & Apparel Sector
  5. Findings and Recommendations for facilitating Diversification and Competitiveness of Pakistan’s Textile and Apparel Sector for Government of Pakistan and Pakistan Readymade Garments Manufacturers and Exporters Association (PRGMEA)

Deliverables

S. No.

Deliverables

Time Line

1.

Assignment activity plan prepared in consultation with PRGMEA and PREIA

1 week

2.

Submission, Presentation to the Public Private Sector and finalization of:

  1. Analysis and comparison of Import Tariffs on Textile Apparel Value Chain
  2. Comparison of Domestic Taxation Policies impacting Industrial Competitiveness

Week 2 –3

3.

Submission, Presentation to the Public Private Sector and finalization of:

  1. Comparisons of input costs such as labour, machinery, energy, and transportation.
  2. Impact of International Agreements, Domestic and Foreign Direct Investment Policies and unilateral access (where applicable) on Textile & Apparel Sector

Week 4 - 5

4.

Submission, Presentation to the Public Private Sector and finalization of:

  1. Findings & Recommendations for facilitating Diversification and improving competitiveness of Pakistan’s Textile and Apparel Sector for Government of Pakistan and Pakistan Readymade Garments Manufacturers and Exporters Association (PRGMEA)

Week 6 - 7





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Last date of Submitting Proposal December 13, 2020

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