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Term of References for Baseline Study

 

Scope of Consultancy: Baseline study for Prevention+ Programme  

Project Districts: Multan (Punjab), Jacobabad (Sindh)

Commencement of study:  July to September 2017)

Deadline for the Submission of Proposal: 18th June 2017

 

 

Background:

Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world, with an estimated population of 196,174,380[1]. This large population is predominantly young with 55% of the population under 25 years of age,[2] with a high annual growth rate of 2.1%. Pakistan is categorized as a low-middle income country with a GDP per capita of US$ 818.87 in 2014.[3] About 52% of the population is living with multidimensional poverty and experience deprivations in education, health and other living conditions.[4] A very high Gender Inequality Index of 0.536 (ranking 121 out of 155 countries in the 2014 index) suggests that significant inequalities in terms of access to opportunities and services exist across genders.[5] 

 

In Pakistan, a typical patriarchal society where a “man” being the head of the family, has the responsibility to provide income and protection for the family. As noted above with 52% of the population living with multidimensional poverty the economic environment in the country is such that a majority of men are not able to provide for basic needs for their family paving way for frustration to seep in with their masculinity being challenged. The fabric of Pakistani society is such that these negative behaviors are not only tolerated by the society at large but the victims of GBV are also quiet and accept the violence without any retaliation. A survey from Pakistan conducted in 2014 shows studies that a significant proportion of women believe that it is ok for the man to use violence against women.13 GBV is considered a domestic and private issue and there is gross underreporting of cases as the women keep quiet and keep on suffering the violence. This scenario is compounded by the lack of a functioning judicial system and support structures for the victims of GBV.

 

Brief Overview of the Programme:

The long term objective of Prevention+ is to contribute to a gender just society, free of GBV, by transforming harmful social norms by engaging (young) men, transforming harmful social norms driving GBV at the individual/ relationship, community, and civil society level and ensure that these changes are firmly rooted in a supportive legal and policy framework

The proposed programme will focus on:

  • Combating violence against women by engaging men and boys
  • Women’s economic participation and self-reliance by working closely with Women’s Economic Empowerment (WEE) initiatives in the selected districts

 

Our main assumption is that the socio-ecological model –intervening simultaneously at multiple levels– will maximize positive transformation of these harmful social norms.

 

According to programme Theory of Change the actions are specifically planned at four levels:

  • Create synergy and reinforce each other
  • Involvement of community leaders & role models to promote equal gender norms & prevent GBV
  • Engage public and private institutions to maximize reach
  • Build an enabling policy environment to ensure that this comprehensive approach is supported and adequately resourced by the public sector in the long-run

 

Purpose of Baseline Study: The baseline is the zero measurement at the onset of the programme. The consultant will work in conjunction with Senior Programme Officer, Planning Monitoring, Evaluation, Research (PMER) & implementing partners in sampled districts. KAP survey, Focus group discussions, key in-depth Interviews and observations are techniques expected to be considered for collecting qualitative and quantitative baseline data. The consultant is likely to undertake the following tasks:

  1. Carry out desk-review of all relevant project documents, including project proposal, theory of change, result chain, output and outcome guidance tool, and other relevant documents for capturing secondary data.
  2. Refining proposed baseline data collecting methodology submitted in response of the ‘Call for Proposals’.
  3. Developing data collection tools and finalization of instruments in consultation of PME Working Group.
  4. Carrying out field data collection, data entry, analysis and tabulation of entire baseline data.
  5. Drafting and finalization of comprehensive baseline report on prescribed format.

 

Programme Result Areas and outcome indicators to be measured:

OUTCOMES

OUTCOME INDICATORS

Result Area 1:  (Young) men and women have violence free and gender equal relationships      

 

(Young) men and women have more gender just attitudes and behavior

1.1  % of participating (young) men and women have more positive attitudes, including acceptance of positive masculinities (including equitable, non-violent, caregiving) and of women’s political and economic participation

1.2 Improved communication skills within % of the participating couples

1.3 % participating (young) men and women who do not believe intimate partner violence is acceptable

1.4 Improved ability of % of participating (young) men to cope with problems and to control their aggression and frustration

1.5 Reduced levels of intimate partner violence among % of participants

1.6 % of (young) men and women report positive changes towards more equitable decision-making patterns (e.g. on household economics)

Result Area 2: Communities hold equitable gender norms and prevent GBV

 

Increased supportive norms to prevent GBV and promote gender justice

2.1 Increased positive notions of manhood (equitable, non-violent and caring) among (young) men and women in the targeted communities

2.2 Positive change within the targeted communities intervening in GBV cases and/or supporting GBV survivors

 

 

Result Area 3: public institutions & civil society organizations have institutionalized gender transformative approaches and promote gender justice

 

Improved quality of GBV programming and services provided to (young) women and men within the public and CSO sector

3.1 More favorable attitudes towards gender equity among % of trained government and CSO staff.

3.2 More favorable attitudes towards engaging (young) men in GBV prevention among trained government and CSO staff.

3.3 Increased comfort and skills in trained government and CSO staff in working with (young) men to prevent GBV

 

Sample and Work Plan

The target population for this survey is community participants (young) men, women in the intervention areas, as well as women attending WEE module and activities, and participants of Gender Transformative Approach trainings and activities. It is the responsibility of the lead consultant to determine the sample size in every community in each intervention areas. The consultant will also be asked to develop a workable plan for the data collection process.

 

Data Management

Data management will be a crucial part of this survey. The selected consultant will be asked to submit their plan that includes a plan for data comparison, quality assurance, analysis, ethical review and research permit, preparation of field sites and personnel (supervisors and interviewers), and report writing.

 

Facilitation for the Consultant:

  1. Inception meeting with the selected consultant for providing detailed insight of the project will be carried soon after the signing of the consultancy agreement.
  2. Providing all project related documents

 

Requested Documents:

The proposal must be supported with following documents:

1.Cover letter

2.Technical proposal including profile of firm/company or curriculum vitae in case of individual consultant

3.Financial proposal including break down of consultancy fee, travel, enumerators cost etc.

4.Proposal inclusive of baseline data collection methodology (please contact at Irshad.rana@rutgers.pk for supporting tools)

 

Payment Schedule: 40% advance payment will be made on signing of contract for the proposed assignment as first instalment. 30% will be paid on the receipt of draft report of the baseline while remaining 30% payment will be made upon satisfactory submission of finalized report.

Tax will be deducted as per laws of Government of Pakistan.

 Total consultancy amount: Pak Rupees 850,000/inclusive all

 

Expected Deliverables by the Consultant:

  1. Data collection tools covering qualitative and quantitative aspects of baseline data requirements in English and local languages translations.
  2. Presentation on baseline results per indicator
  3. Electronic copies of finalized comprehensive data entry sheets and detailed discussion notes.
  4. Finalized baseline report on prescribe format.

 

The consultant applying for this assignment must have:

Essentials of the Consultant

  • Post graduate degree in Social Sciences, Health, Medicine, Gender Studies, International Development, Community Development or related field
  • At least 8 years’ experience in carrying out baseline studies and documentation of findings in a well-articulated report
  • ·Extensive experience (at least 3 years) in Gender/MenEngage in humanitarian contexts in Asia and/or Pakistan;
  • ·Publications in at least 1 international and 2 national journals is desirable
  • ·Proficiency in English is mandatory
  • ·Content editing skills and formatting skills are the must for producing presentable deliverable
  • ·Excellent communication skills in Urdu and preferably in Sindhi and/or Punjabi languages
  • ·Must be familiar with the dynamics of population especially the youth in targeted districts

 

 



[2] Pakistan Demographic Profile 2014, http://www.indexmundi.com/pakistan/demographics_profile.html

[3] World Bank, http://www.worldeconomics.com

[4] Pakistan Human Development Report 2015. UNDP. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/all/themes/hdr_theme/country-notes/PAK.pdf

[5] Ibid





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